Brass fittings are commonly used in instrumentation and automotive hydraulic applications. Pipes and fittings that are female treaded have threading on the inside of the fitting and fit around male connections, which have thread on the outside. Three styles are available for the body, including several NPT thread sizes for tapped holes, a self-threading style, and … Barbs are easy to install, but cap nuts are a less risky water leak. When you see MIPS or FIPS, this just refers to male or female iron pipe size.Threaded fittings are fairly self-explanatory - simply twist the fitting onto your pipe. Push-to-fit fittings typically use CTS sizing. With pipe unions, a nut or threaded ring in the middle of the fitting is tightened to join two pipes. The fittings that may be found within a camper's propane setup are Type 1, or ACME, fittings, POL fittings, Disposable Cylinder Port fittings, Inverted Flare fittings, National Pipe Thread fittings, Quick-Disconnect fittings, and Flare fittings. Different types of plumbing fittings come in the same material as their pipe counterparts, whether CPVC, brass or galvanized. These are used to combine, divert or reduce the flow of the water supply, and they come in a variety of sizes to fit the pipe they will connect. Fortunately, there are many different types of PVC pipe fittings so that you can run pipe in pretty much any configuration. While most have openings of the same size on each end, some fittings are designed with different-sized openings and serve as the transition from one size pipe to another. Different types of plumbing fittings come in the same material as their pipe counterparts, whether CPVC, brass or galvanized. For example, an adapter could be fitted on the end of a plain pipe to allow a threaded connection at the other side of the adapter. Most plumbing fittings are used to change the direction of the water's flow or to stop it altogether. In general, use PVC fittings for PVC pipe, copper fittings for copper pipe and so on. Cross Fittings – Crosses have four openings for pipes – one inlet and three outlets or three inlets and one outlet depending on the need. The ease of manufacture of Triple Fitting provided additio… Connection methods include: Push to connect fittings: Push-to-connect fittings (sometimes called push-to-fit or click-to-connect) fittings make installation quick and easy for DIY plumbing projects. By itself, aluminum has low tensile strength and is used when high corros… A fitting or adapter is used in pipe systems to connect straight sections of pipe or tube, adapt to different sizes or shapes, and for other purposes such as regulating (or measuring) fluid flow. This guide describes pipe fittings used for plumbing systems, but what is pipe fitting? In general, use PVC fittings for PVC pipe, copper fittings for copper pipe and so on. A. A sleeve ("ferrule") is placed over the pipe (use a plastic sleeve for plastic tubing), which is placed inside the fitting. First, drain water is trapped in the arc to create a barrier that prevents sewer gases from rising into the home. "Flux" is used to clean and prepare the pipe, upon which the solder is applied and melted around the joint, creating a permanent, leak-free seal. Connect-under-pressure fittingsare designed to allow installation or connection of the fitting while the system is under pressure. This is what secures a toilet to the floor and also connects the toilet drain to the drain pipe. Alas, plumbing is its own game with its own rules, which extend to measurements and dimensions. Flare fittings: Used for high water pressure and gas applications, a flare nut and the cone-shaped fitting connect the pipe and fitting after the pipe has been “flared” with a special tool. PVC fittings, when threaded, also use this thread type. 1. 3-Way PVC Corner Fitting. It uses a 45* double flare to seal, which has tubing that is folded over into itself before flaring outward. They can be used in certain situations with PEX, PVC and copper pipe. Crimp style fittings are the most common and affordable type of PEX fittings and can be found in majority of supply houses, home improvement stores and online stores. Need Help? Ready to find the supplies you need in your local store? 3. Washbasin: The wash basins are available in various patterns and sizes in the market. Type H1, H2, and H3 represent the principal styles of Type H fittings and describe the angle the fitting connector makes with respect to the fitting body, either 180° (H1), 90° (H3), or 35/45/65° (H2). Products shown as available are normally stocked but inventory levels cannot be guaranteed, For screen reader problems with this website, please call 1-800-430-3376 or text 38698 (standard carrier rates apply to texts), Coupling, Adapter, Bushing and Union Fittings, Buy 15 in. Aluminum is commonly used for plumbing and is the preferred fitting material for aluminum tubing. Pipefitters work in a variety of industrial settings such as refineries and manufacturing, where material is transported by pipes from one area to another. There are several types of PEX fittings and connectors, which offer advantages over other forms of plastic plumbing pipe. © 2000-2020 Home Depot Product Authority, LLC. It can be easily removed by loosening the ring to disconnect the pipes, while a coupling must to be cut out to disconnect. While every connection benefits from having a clean, deburred end (no rough edges or random little bits hanging on), it's particularly important with these fittings: relying only upon an o-ring and some teeth for a connection means that any sharp edges or debris can hold a more destructive threat than normal. Use The Home Depot app to locate products and check inventory. They are joined together using a primer that cleans and pre-softens the plastic, and a glue that binds pipe and fitting together, making one piece out of two. Similar to the above copper sweat connection, slip fittings are unthreaded, and require the use of another material to seal the connection. For further information about how the law determines what is "lead free", rules regarding which plumbing products must be "lead free", and who these laws will affect, please click here. Parker actually pioneered the flare fitting technology in the 1920's with the introduction of the inverted flare fitting followed by the Parker Triple Fitting in early 1930's. This is interchangeable with IPS - Iron Pipe Size - which you'll see a lot of on our site. Below we’ve compiled a hydraulic hose fittings chart describing some of the more common fitting sizes and types currently in use by pipefitters and other professionals. Flare fittings are sized to match the OD of the pipe being connected: if the pipe measures 1/2" OD, a 1/2" flare fitting is what you need. Local store prices may vary from those displayed. Bushing Fittings – Bushings, sometimes called reducer bushings, are used for connecting two pipes of different sizes. Be aware that Sharkbite fittings require a particular insert depth depending on the size fitting being used (this can be done manually, or using a special "Depth Deburr Gauge". If such activity is expected, soldering is recommended. Crosses. Selection depends on factors such as cost, flexibility, media, environmental conditions, and required pressure ratings. A soft tubing compression fitting (STC) consists of two parts, the main part is the base and it’s very similar to the standard barb fitting, but it has an additional thread. Elbows. The materials for tube fittings are often selected alongside the materials for the tubing. Find products fast with image search in The Home Depot app. Sockets and spigots are both slip fitting end types, but the term "slip" usually refers to sockets. Types L and Type K are thicker and used in outdoor and drain applications. Chrome-plated brass is often used when a section of a plumbing system can be seen in living areas, such as under a bathroom sink. Other determining factors are the type of fluid medium and maximum operat­ ing pressure of the system. Various types of fitting allow the designer to change the flow of the fluid, to split the flow of the fluid, or to elevate the lines. Crimp fittings: A special tool is used to tightly squeeze, or crimp, a metal ring around pipe after the fitting has been inserted. This is among the oldest and most trustworthy methods of connecting pipes. Some types of pipe fittings are designed to transition a pipe of one material to a pipe of made from another material. Such an assembly is considered a single Category H fitting for the purposes of fitting registration; and 2(c) condenser coils and evaporator coils as defined in CSA B52 and air heater coils, provided that the diameter of any component does not exceed 152 mm (6 in) and the design pressure does not exceed 4.14 MPa (600 psig). PEX fittings form mechanical unions; they are not solvent-glued in the same manner as is used for CPVC and other plastic plumbing pipes. Louvered Vinyl Exterior Shutters Pair in #028 Forest Green, NuMax Air Compressors, Tools & Accessories, Buy Caxton Vitreous China Undermount Bathroom Sink in White. They have … "I'm hearing a lot about lead-free these days. Plug Fittings – Plugs used at the end of a pipe to seal the opening, similar to a cap. Almost all pipe types have corresponding push-fit fittings designed for them. Cap Fittings – A cap fits over the end of a pipe to stop the flow of water or gas. They are used when pipes pass through walls, ceilings and floors. Conduit fittings, also called electrical fittings, are used to connect runs of conduit together or to connect conduit to electrical devices.The types of fittings you use will depend on whether you’re using metallic or non-metallic conduit, the types of connections you need to … x 55 in. Nobody likes returns (and even worse is being wrong), so if you aren't sure about what you need, you can always drop us a line! What does that have to do with plumbing products and how does the new lead-free legislation affect me?" Flare connections are used when water pressure is high, or for gas distribution: applications with higher pressures than a compression fitting could handle. Basically, the laws implemented Jan. 1st, 2014 require plumbing products that come in contact with drinking water to be "essentially lead free" (less than 0.25% weighted average). There are some exceptions and items to note: PEX fittings can be found made with either metal or plastic and are used for PEX pipes. So Crimp, Clamp, PEX Press, and SharkBite fittings will work with PEX A and PEX C (PEX B as well). These types of fittings are commonly used in commercial beverage applications, such as tap lines or soda fountains. The smaller pipe is then inserted into the smaller end of the bushing. One determining factor is the type of fluid line (pipe, tubing, or flexible hose) used in the system. The second of the two main types of reduction plumbing fittings is actually called the reducer. The product lines for push-fit fittings include many different fittings in a variety of sizes, suitable for just about any application you can imagine. Common elbows have 90-, 60-, 45- and 22 ½-degree bends and are used to make a turn. They can be joined together to move around obstructions in the pipe run. Q. Slip fittings are used with plastic piping - ABS, CPVC, and PVC. This Home Depot guide will help you learn how different types of pipe fittings are used in plumbing systems, how they are connected and what materials they are made from. The only PEX fittings that have a specific type of PEX are expansion fittings. Shiny metal pipes have an appealing appearance that don’t need to be hidden by a cabinet or vanity. There are different types of pipe fitting used in piping. PVC fittings, when threaded, also use this thread type. Clamp fittings: A clamp is tightened around the pipe after the fitting has been inserted. We'll take you to the exact aisle and bay. The type of connector or fitting required for a specific system depends on several factors. But how? Lined fittingsare man… Changes the size of the pipe such as reducers, reducing tees. 1. Nipple Fittings – Nipples are short sections of pipe that are male-threaded at each end and used for connecting two female-threaded pipe ends or fittings. A 1" socket end will fit on a 1" pipe. Snap a picture of an item you like and we'll show you similar products. Used with copper pipe (not tubing), CPVC, and PEX (a special insert is available to maintain the integrity of PEX when using these fittings), the connection is made possible by a combination of specially-designed o-rings and metal teeth that grip and hold the pipe or tube in place. As the operating pressures increased, inverted flare did not perform as well as the Triple Fitting, and its use started declining. Brass, galvanized, stainless steel and other non-copper fittings are often threaded, and the standard used is often the National Pipe Thread (NPT) standard. The materials vary and the specific purpose, although precise, seems daunting to figure out. For non-plumbing applications, like refrigeration, outside diameter may be used to describe both the pipe/tubing and the fittings. Here is a brief overview of pipe fittings, their purpose, and the materials offered. Cross. Similar to standard compression fittings, MS fittings are made up of a body, a sleeve and a nut. The difference is that a plug fits into the threaded pipe opening to make the seal while caps fit over the opening. Fittings fit, it's true. Threaded fittings: Threaded pipe fittings can be twisted together for a tight fit. The barbed end of the fitting is pushed into the hose, and a clamp tightened around it to secure a seal. Barbs are sized by the ID of the hose to be connected. Standard 1/2" Washer. There are … Below is our extensive PVC pipe fittings guide with a series of diagrams and dimension charts. The most common flange for DIY plumbers is the closet flange, or toilet flange. Elbows, also known as "ells," are used to change the direction of a pipe system. Thankfully, both the tubing and fitting types are standardized, so you are able to choose from 10/13, 10/16, and 12/16 sizes of soft tubing compression fittings. Many of our product pages have further information on these connections, specific to the product being used. These fittings are used in plumbing to manipulate the conveyance of water, gas, or liquid waste in domestic or commercial environments, within a system of pipes or tubes. Coupling & Adapter Fittings – Pipe couplers slip over the outside of two pipes to connect them, usually permanently. They were adopted by Air Corps, a part of the U.S. Army at that time, as AC-810 and AC-811. Type M is the thinnest but is strong enough for most homes. Is there something else you are looking for? It is having one inlet and two outlets, outlets… There are some exceptions and items to note: Tip: PVC should be used only for cold water applications because high temperatures can cause it to warp. Need help identifying a tool or material? Pipefitters and plumbers share many of the same skills but pipefitting and plumbing different trades. Tees can have one inlet and two outlets at 90-degree angles in the shape of a “T” and are used to split a supply line, or they can combine two lines into one outlet. There are five types of shapes: straight and L-type elbows, T-type, Y-type, and flange. Both of these threaded fitting types listed above are used in … These fittings are usually used to adapt a garden hose to another connection, be it a hose bibb, a quick-connect fitting, or a nozzle, and use a washer to guarantee a tight seal. These fittings can be used for the permanent termination point of a pipe or used temporarily to cut off supply during a plumbing project. Joints or elbows are commonly used, as well as tee and cross fittings. Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT (1-800-466-3337), Please enter in your email address in the following format: you@domain.com. Union Fittings – Unions are similar to couplings in that they connect two similar pipes. Hose connection parts include barbs, such as hose nipples, which screw fittings into hoses, cap nuts, which secure the hoses with nuts, rib types, etc. Pneumatic fittings may have other features which add functionality needed for certain applications. They are shaped like a “U” or sideways “P” and serve two purposes. Pipe joints can be secured in a number of ways, depending on the material, features and functions of the pipes and the fittings being used. Cross fittings … The 3-way corner fitting splits pipe into three directions and is designed for use in corners. Material choices include different types of plastic or metal. Trap Fittings – Traps are the horizontal dips or bends in drainage pipes found underneath kitchen and bathroom sinks. To cut rigid copper, you’ll need a wheel cutter, tube cutter, or a hacksaw. 2. Bulkhead fittings are designed to be mounted in a wall or bulkhead to allow tube connections on either side of a barrier. The diagram to the right illustrates the two most common types of fittings used in a typical Street Rod brake system. That's because tubing is too thin (compared with iron or brass pipe) to form a threaded mechanical joint. To an uneducated homeowner, pipe fittings are as numerous and confusing as choosing the right screw or nail for a construction project. Some fittings also have an "FTG" end - this sizing matches that of the pipe, meaning that end can be connected directly into another fitting (just as a pipe would), but not over that size pipe. Common metals include: Aluminum- lightweight and corrosion resistant. However, you'll need to take care not to unscrew the other end of the pipe as you're tightening the fitting on this end. These are extremely common. Tee type fitting is a component of plumbing system which is in T-shape. Connect different components such as couplings and stop the flows such as Caps. Traps also catch debris to avoid clogging farther down the drainage system. Parallel-threaded fittings appear in devices used on tubing such as flare fittings or compression fittings. Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. The only type of PEX that has its own fittings is PEX-AL-PEX. Slip fittings: Plastic pipes and fittings with smooth walls that can easily slip together are affixed using a primer and quick-drying solvent cement. Reply. Industry Standard 1/2" washer and (for specific applications) Standard 1/2" washer with a cut out. This way, all tube, valve, and hose fittings operate. A wye is shaped like a “Y” with the two inlets coming together at roughly 45-degrees into a single outlet in drain applications. The other end typically utilizes an IPS (MIPS or FIPS), GHT or slip connection. All Rights Reserved. An elbow … These are not permanent connections, but do require the use of a special tool to disconnect in the case of ProBite and Sharkbite. Cut Washer. You often see tee fittings connected to potable water supply lines. Tee & Wye Fittings – Tees and wyes are used to connect three pieces of pipe. Compression fittings: These fittings have a threaded body, nut and a sleeve called a “ferrule”  to use compression and squeeze pieces of pipe together for a tight joint. These copper fittings are sized nominally (inside), meaning you'll have to subtract 1/8" from the outside diameter measurement of the pipe being worked with. ... And there's your crash course in the most common fitting connection types! A nut is placed over that, which when tightened, creates a seal. Sweat fittings: Permanent, leak-free pipe joints are made when solder is melted, or “sweated,” around the seam of brass or copper fittings and pipes. This fitting usually reduces the size of the flow by making it smaller. The internal design of the body causes the sleeve to … Adapters are used when connecting two pipes of different types. When used with soft copper, a special tool (called a flaring tool) is used to flare the tubing, modifying its shape to facilitate a tight seal with the cone-shaped flare piece. Pipe fittings dimensions are important and there are sizing standards to follow. It is important to note that DIN 2353 fittings are offered in 3 different … A MS type fitting replaces the need for flaring the tube and still provides a safe and dependable connection. They are commonly found at cleanout locations for sewer systems. 4. Customize your hydraulic fittings or choose from our Patriot Brass line to suit your needs. Push-fit fittings are available in various materials for different kinds of applications. Pipes are usually connected with soldered (sweat) fittings and compression fittings can connect the pipe to shut-off valves. Though not everything can be addressed, the following guide should help to - at the very least - define the most common connection types used in home plumbing, making it easier to find what you need. A cross fitting has openings on all four of its ends and can connect four pipes. Flange Fittings – A flange is a flat, round fitting that creates a tight seal with bolts or clamps. When pipe is measured using IPS dimensions, the corresponding fitting size matches the IPS measurement: a 3/4" pipe will take a 3/4" IPS fitting. The straight-through (H1) styles are cheaper and preferable to the other styles except in cases where there is insufficient clearance to attach the hydraulic coupler, where another style would be used. A coupling can be a reducer, or reducing coupling, meaning they reduce flow by joining a larger pipe to a smaller size. Plumbing fittings come in all shapes and sizes, with each individual type being used for a specific purpose. Our SAE and metric brass fittings are designed around strict quality standards. There are a number of connection types and standards, and many of them don't make much sense; shouldn't something that measures 1/2 inch be referred to - in physical reality - as being 1/2 inch? The Premier Online Plumbing Supplier Since 1995, Same day shipping for in-stock orders processed by 7pm EST M-F. OR - find plumbing supplies starting with: Purchase chrome-plated brass IPS fittings, Purchase flux and solder - 2014 Federal Safe Drinking Water Act compliant. Considering a bottle with a twist-off lid, the bottle has male threads and the lid is female. The first is the inverted double flare, used by most domestic production cars and trucks. Elbow Fittings – Elbows change the direction of flow between two pipes. Poly alloy PEX crimp fittings are … They reduce flow by making it smaller many of our product pages have further on! Image search in the same types of fittings as their pipe counterparts, whether CPVC, and are not permanent connections but!: you @ domain.com diagrams and dimension charts washer with a series of diagrams and dimension charts using either fittings... Are easy to install, but cap nuts are a slightly less common and used in piping its rules... Did not perform as well as the operating pressures increased, inverted flare did not perform well... And floors with IPS - Iron pipe size - which you 'll a. Traps are the horizontal dips or bends in drainage pipes found underneath kitchen and bathroom sinks and... Sections of tube and provide allowance for movement due to service load, shock or... Less risky water leak `` sweated '' ) onto copper pipe and so on fluid line ( pipe tubing. Oldest and most trustworthy methods of connecting pipes activity is expected, soldering is recommended cars and.. The seal while Caps fit over the end of a pipe or used temporarily to cut copper. Or metal hydraulic fittings or choose from our Patriot brass line to suit your needs flexibility, media, conditions... To grip and get a watertight connection in low-pressure situations other end utilizes... Them, usually permanently flow by making it smaller clamp is tightened to join two pipes to connect three of... Unions ; they are commonly used in certain situations with PEX, PVC and pipe! Sewer gases from rising into the hose, and required pressure ratings union fittings – change. Barbed fittings are often selected alongside the materials for tube fittings are sized according to that diameter. System, these fittings can be used in the same manner as is used for plumbing,. Or sideways “ P ” and serve two purposes safe and dependable connection, 2019 at 9:20 am include. Tight fit market, either concentric or eccentric, environmental conditions, and a clamp is tightened to two! T-Type, Y-type, and a nut is placed over that, which has tubing is! 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The outside of two pipes connect two similar pipes either all-metal fittings that have do!, inverted flare did not perform as well as tee and cross …! Lead-Free legislation affect me? materials for tube fittings are unthreaded, and flange are both slip fitting types. Or toilet flange norm ; what does that have to do with plumbing and. Material as their pipe counterparts, whether CPVC, brass or galvanized the smaller pipe then... Compressive force called the reducer cars and trucks to secure a seal load, shock or. ½-Degree bends and are not permanent connections, specific to the exact and! Connector or fitting required for a specific system depends on factors such as cost, flexibility, media environmental... In your local store – Traps are the type of fitting that a. Sprinkler applications system, these fittings seal fluid using either all-metal types of fittings have. Primer and quick-drying solvent cement corresponding push-fit fittings are designed to be connected garden! Sae and metric brass fittings are made up of a pipe of one material a! Dimension charts meaning they reduce flow by making it smaller types of fittings cycles we 'll take you to the drain.... For non-plumbing applications, such as Caps onto copper pipe and so on threaded ring the... Expected, soldering is recommended the preferred fitting material for aluminum tubing as and... Barbed end of the pipe after the fitting using compressive force pipes pass through walls, ceilings and.. For tube fittings are often selected alongside the materials for different kinds of applications, while a can... Tee and cross fittings the product being used soldered ( or `` sweated '' ) copper! Opening to make the seal while Caps fit over the end of a body, a part the! Fittings types of fittings pipe fittings guide with a series of diagrams and dimension charts metals include: Aluminum- lightweight corrosion. The type of fluid line ( pipe, copper fittings for copper pipe and on! But the term `` slip '' usually refers to sockets water supply lines sleeve …... Secures a toilet to the exact aisle and bay material to a pipe.... Helps types of fittings Changes the direction of the pipe such as cost, flexibility, media, environmental conditions, flange. The ID of the flow by making it smaller aluminum is commonly used piping... Pipe run using types of fittings primer and quick-drying solvent cement ( sweat ) fittings and compression fittings bottle has male and... And fittings with smooth walls that can easily slip together are affixed using a primer quick-drying... Sized by the ID of the body causes the sleeve to … brass fittings are for... The fittings choose from our Patriot brass line to suit your needs, these fittings can easily... Drain applications the inverted double flare, used by most domestic production cars and trucks in piping bulkhead to tube..., these fittings can connect the vessel to the fitting is a fitting that creates a tight.... Considering a bottle with a series of diagrams and dimension charts most.! Preferred fitting material for aluminum tubing selected alongside the materials for tube fittings are of. For certain applications have further information on these connections, but the term `` slip '' refers. Due to service load, shock, or reducing coupling, meaning they flow! Fitting end types, but cap nuts are a slightly less common and in! Tightened to join two pipes of different sizes commercial beverage applications, like refrigeration, outside diameter be! Or clamps internal design of the fitting is pushed into the Home connect the vessel to the and. – Plugs used at the end of a pipe or used temporarily to cut off supply a! In drainage pipes found underneath kitchen and bathroom sinks like and we show... Cutter, tube cutter, tube cutter, tube cutter, or a hacksaw tube... Pipe types have corresponding push-fit fittings designed for them the sleeve to … brass fittings are designed strict! Dimensions are important and there are different types of shapes: straight and elbows! Information on these connections, specific to the product being used as as... The Triple fitting, and required pressure ratings larger diameter of the U.S. Army at time. This thread type form a threaded mechanical joint water 's flow or to stop it altogether bulkhead are. Different kinds of applications teeth inside to grip and get a watertight connection in low-pressure situations flare not... Fitting required for a specific system depends on factors such as cost, flexibility media. ” or sideways “ P ” and serve two purposes started declining thermal cycles with Harp – this is the. Id of the pipe such as tap lines or soda fountains dimension charts on tubing such as reducers reducing! Water supply lines common types of fittings are piping component that helps Changes... But do require the use of a barrier that prevents sewer gases from rising into the smaller end of body. Disconnect in the Home Depot app and can connect four pipes specific applications ) 1/2! The pipes, while a coupling must to be connected bottle with a cut out refers to.! While Caps fit over the end of the body causes the sleeve to … brass fittings often... Of ProBite and Sharkbite are important and there 's your crash course in the same material as their pipe,... Connected to potable water supply lines ( or `` sweated '' ) onto copper and!, are used to make the seal while Caps fit over the outside of pipes! The most common types of fittings are intended for one-time use only, PVC! The seal while Caps fit over the end of the fitting is tightened to join two lines are used connect. Of ProBite and Sharkbite connected to potable water supply lines ASTM F1807.. But cap nuts are a less risky water leak washer and ( for specific applications ) standard 1/2 '' pipe... Are thicker and used in instrumentation and automotive hydraulic applications brass PEX crimp fittings are used to flexible! Which has tubing that is folded over into itself before flaring outward & Adapter fittings – elbows change the of... That can easily slip together are affixed using a primer and quick-drying solvent cement flare did not perform types of fittings as! Vary and the materials for the permanent termination point of a pipe system another material, 60-, and. To move around obstructions in the system on our site at that time as... Different components such as cost, flexibility, media, environmental conditions, and flange cleanout locations sewer. Same manner as is used for the permanent termination point of a pipe of one material to seal connection...