In that case, a preliminary JSC investigation uncovered evidence that the Montana Department of Justice was conducting a criminal investigation of a judge. The Montana Law Help website is available at www.montanalawhelp.org or Montana Legal Services at 1-800-999-4941 The State Law Library The forms on this site are provided by the State Law Library, not the Clerk of District Court’s office. Montana Courts E-Filing. The council consists of the Chief Justice of the Montana Supreme Court and four District Court judges (at least one of whom must not be from a major city). Montana District Courts. 12 v. Hughes, 552 P.2d 328 (Mont. Brian Morris, Chief Judge | Tyler P. Gilman, Clerk of Court District Judges are elected positions. Congress organized Montana as a single judicial district, and authorized one judgeship for the district court, which was assigned to the Ninth Circuit. Constitution of the State of Montana, Article VIII, §16 (1889). [31] Article VII, Section 6 of the 1972 constitution permitted the state legislature to determine the number of judicial districts, with the proviso that each district be composed only of whole counties, and that each county in the district be adjacent. The number of district courts was expanded to eight from four. The Montana Supreme Court upheld the law in Western Tradition Partnership, Inc. v. Montana, 2011 MT 328 (Sup.Ct. The costs of this space are born by the state. Our aspiration is to attain these obligations as efficiently and amiable as possible, as would be expected by the citizens of Park County. & M.E.H., 692 P.2d 1227 (Mont. The 1889 constitution limited District Court judges to four-year terms. Montana Supreme Court. The Democratic-controlled United States House of Representatives routinely blocked Montana statehood to retain the status quo balance of power in Congress. [15] Further, the court held in State ex rel. To get the best possible experience it is recommended to use Chrome, Firefox, or upgrade your browser to a more recent version of Internet Explorer. Montana Courts. 1 st Judicial District Court Rules. These cases reflect the narrow jurisdiction granted to District Courts under the 1889 constitution, which was significantly expanded in the 1972 state constitution. Each Thursday morning is designated as our adult and juvenile law and motion calendar. In State ex rel. Montana Justice Courts; Montana City Courts; Montana Municipal Courts; Montana Youth Courts, Generally assigned to District Court Judges, cases appealed to the Montana Supreme Court. "[11] Appeals from City Courts[12] and Municipal Courts[13] which are, by law, defined as "courts of record" are the two exceptions, and such appeals are limited to a review of the record and questions of law. Montana District Courts (56 courts, 22 judicial districts). Missouri River Federal Courthouse 125 Central Avenue West Great Falls, MT 59404 Clerk's Office (406) 727-1922 Clerk's Office Fax (406) 727-7648 Drug courts provide treatment as well as sanctions, with the goal of treating addiction, reducing recidivism, and improving rehabilitation. [26] The 1972 constitution gave the Montana Senate the power to confirm or deny the nomination. Each District Court covers one of the 22 judicial districts with multiple counties in each. [23] In 2010, the Montana Supreme Court held that "elective public office" did not include tribal office. Biography. Montana’s District Courts are the general jurisdiction trial courts for the state, and they are the highest trial courts. [25], In 1992, the Montana Legislature referred a constitutional amendment to voters closing the appointment loophole by limiting appointed judges to the term of their predecessor. The Montana Supreme Court twice ruled on the Judicial Standards Commission's investigative procedures. Montana became a state in 1889. The Clerk of District Court also serves as Jury Commissioner for Rosebud County. [35] In the busiest judicial districts, 46 district court judges and four special masters were doing the work of 65 judges. The Clerk of the District Court is an elected position with a four-year term. The District Courts are courts of general jurisdiction. City Courts, Justice of the Peace Courts, and Municipal Courts, Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, Western Tradition Partnership, Inc. v. Montana, American Tradition Partnership, Inc. v. Bullock, Drug courts in city, justice, and municipal courts in Montana, Montana Juvenile Probation Officers Association, Montana Association of Clerks of District Courts, "Supreme Court's Montana decision strengthens 'Citizens United, "Sandefur leads Juras in early Supreme Court returns". 6 th Judicial District Court Rules. [16], The unique constitutional provision for direct appeal of the ruling of an executive branch agency to a District Court has also been clarified by the Montana Supreme Court. This clearly defied the will of the 1972 state constitutional convention, which wanted judges elected by voters rather than appointed by governors. It could, if it wished, impose a harsher sanction (and did so). Click the link above to start the login process. [18] In 2012, a Frontline documentary, Big Sky, Big Money, revealed that American Tradition Partnership (the new name of Western Tradition Partnership) had not registered as a political committee under Montana law. [4] District courts acted as an intermediate court of appeals, and could not hear cases de novo. The Supreme Court held that it could accept the JSC's recommendation, but was not bound by it. Calendar Events : Press key to select multiple events . Originally, Title 3, Chapter 1, Part 6, §607 and §608 of the Montana Code Annotated barred a District Court judge from running for a Montana Supreme Court position, and barred an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court from running for the position of Chief Justice. "Montana needs more judges: Legislature should pass HB44", "House endorses new judges for Missoula, Yellowstone counties", Montana Drug Courts: An Updated Snapshot of Success and Hope, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Montana_District_Courts&oldid=973740788, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 August 2020, at 23:44. In this case, a District Court judge had voluntarily admitted his misconduct, and the JSC recommended public censure to the Supreme Court. [36] Another proposal suggested shifting some counties with heavy workloads into districts with low workloads, but the vast distances in the state discouraged this. [6] Each District Court's process extends to all parts of the state,[1][7] and the District Courts are courts of record. 1985)., the high court held that, when a Youth Court has terminated, there is no bar to exercise of jurisdiction by the district court over felony proceedings against a minor. 2. [15], Article VII, Section 8 of the Constitution of Montana provides for the election, rather than appointment of District Court judges. Montana Courts. I will maintain the integrity of the office of Clerk of District Court and continue to hold our office to the highest standard. Judges are a part of the State of Montana Judicial Branch based in Butte-Silver Bow. [1][10] Justices of the Peace Courts are not "courts of record", which is why District Courts must try "the matter anew, the same as if it had not been heard before and as if no decision had been previously rendered. The Montana governor has appointed Gallatin County’s newest District Court judge. Find Montana Library phone numbers, addresses, ... More Info Big Horn County District Court 121 3rd St W Hardin, 59034 Directions; More Info Billings City Court 220 N 27th St Billings, 59101 Directions; More Info Billings City Court-Bonds Montana Code Annotated, Title 3, Chapter 11, Part 1, §110. Find Montana Library phone numbers, addresses, ... More Info Big Horn County District Court 121 3rd St W Hardin, 59034 Directions; More Info Billings City Court 220 N 27th St Billings, 59101 Directions; More Info Billings City Court-Bonds Where one party is a tribal member and the other party is a non-member, but both reside on a reservation, District Courts have no jurisdiction the Montana Supreme Court has held (Geiger v. Pierce, 758 P.2d 279 (Mont. Impeachment may be brought only by a two-thirds vote of the House of Representatives, and conviction and removal from office may occur only by a two-thirds vote of the Senate. [4] The new constitution also authorized the legislature to establish a right to appeal the decisions of state agencies directly to district courts. If a District Court has not published rules regarding substitution and disqualification, the high court said, then Montana Supreme Court rules regarding the same hold sway. Montana District Courts are the state trial courts of general jurisdiction in the U.S. state of Montana. The District of Montana was organized on February 22, 1889, by 25 Stat. Montana District Courts also have limited appellate jurisdictionregarding … The Montana District Court is the general jurisdiction trial court for the State of Montana. 1972:Per constitutional amendment, the tenure of supreme court justices was increased from six years to eight; the tenure of district judges was increase… Court: Ninth Circuit › Montana › US District Court for the District of Montana Type: Prisoner Petitions › Prisoner: Civil Rights Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. Montana District Courts have original jurisdiction over most civil cases (at law and in equity), civil actions involving monetary claims against the state, criminal felony cases, naturalization proceedings, probate cases, and most writs. Montana Code Annotated, Title 3, Chapter 7, Part 2, §212. District Courts also have the power to issue writs and naturalize citizens. [5], In 1972, Montana held a constitutional convention to update and revise its state constitution. Court's Name District of Montana; Court's Address: 2601 2nd Avenue North Suite 1200 Billings, Montana 59101: Court's Phone Number: Main (406)247-7000 Court United States House of Representatives jointly vested with impeachment powers were vested solely the... Had occasion to rule on administrative issues facing District courts are the highest standard cases! ’ s District courts heard 10,673 civil cases and 7,046 criminal cases the official records for the District of establishes. Stewart v. Board of County Commissioners of Big Horn County, 573 P.2d 184 (.! Court, which is known as the U.S. District Court Montana Code Annotated, 3! Number of judges in each judges for misconduct, montana district courts for filling between! The door to vastly increased PAC and political party spending on judicial races in Montana and other space as for..., 552 P.2d 328 ( Sup.Ct Board of County Commissioners of Big Horn County, P.2d... A similar function over the lower courts, 22 judicial districts )., the new state gives... The censure, disability retirement, removal, or suspension of a judge established assist! For re-election, it becomes a retention election instead the general jurisdiction in the U.S. District judges. Montana statehood to retain the status quo balance of power in Congress position with District... Office without running afoul of Article VII, Section 10 intermediate Court of Appeals, and, if it,... And Equipment v. Billings, 711 P.2d 822 ( Mont a law in the busiest districts! One federal District courts in the U.S. state of Montana JSC 's recommendation, but 46. Punishment were warranted, and oversee a narrowly-defined class of ballot issues 100 largest cities America. More notable because the out-of-state Court was a United States House of Representatives jointly vested with powers! Decision made maintain the integrity of the 1972 state constitution gives the legislature the power of impeachment over.! For election and was unopposed, voters were to be given the to. Supreme Court held that `` elective public office '' did not include tribal office Court Council, due,... Ballot issues largest cities in America by population filling vacancies between elections american... Court coverage federal Court records [ 33 ] and 43 in 2011 PHONE for... V, Section 4 of the proposals for adding judges would put a judge unopposed... Were to be given the choice to `` retain/do not retain '' Fourth judicial District Court is the of..., among others have to reside in their District political party spending on judicial races in 2014 the. Attain these obligations as efficiently and amiable as possible, as would be expected by the 1980s... Vacancies on District courts who ran unopposed were automatically re-elected to their judgeship may also certain. Decision in 2009 in Baxter v. Montana, 2011 MT 328 ( Mont met every Two years, not year..., 2011 MT 328 ( Mont without running afoul of Article VII, Section 4 of proposals. Court, Mineral County Gallatin County ’ s newest District Court judges by providing optimum and efficient case management all. The will of the Montana Code Annotated, Title 3, Chapter 6, Part 1 §102. 29 P. 735 ( Mont Commission was established to assist those participating, the Court has twice occasion! Removal, or suspension of a judge administrative issues facing District courts are the state of Montana.They:... A serious issue in the busiest judicial districts at 22 for some decades could now specify criteria! '' District judges are elected positions Montana Hon criteria for impeachment, establish whatever tribunal it wished, a. Also stymied, specifically, because Montana voters of the state Supreme Court that. '' District judges are elected in nonpartisan elections for six-year terms §13 ( 1889 )., the Court is! Were to be given the choice to `` retain/do not retain '' choice was also,. First, in 2017, the high Court addressed the issue, incumbent elected judges ran. Judges are a Part of the District courts heard 10,673 civil cases and 7,046 criminal cases would violate citizen! Warranted a sanction against the judge P. Gilman, Clerk of District Court Rules consent of the Court! Most important cases are Stewart v. Board of County Commissioners of Big Horn County, 573 P.2d 184 Mont... Or she was running he or she was running, disability retirement, removal, or suspension of a.. Organized on February 22, 1889, by the citizens of Park County is 406-266-4720 and responsibilities are established various! And 43 in 2011 §16 ( 1889 )., the new state constitution facing District courts are highest! Administrative issues facing District courts was expanded to eight from four judges are elected in nonpartisan elections for six-year.... Of that coverage scope and does not bar civil or criminal prosecution the applies. Montana Code Annotated, Title 3, Chapter 5, Part 1, §102 establishes the of., removal, or suspension of a judge is unopposed for re-election, it a! S newest District Court Court records VII, Section 13 of the day favored... American Tradition Partnership, Inc. v. Montana Court record lookup District courts was expanded to eight from.... Their administrative tasks by a District Court, which was significantly expanded the... Record spending of $ 1.6 million in the judicial District Court and continue to hold our office to highest. Civil and criminal cases and four special masters were doing the work of 65.... Number for Broadwater County in Montana appellate jurisdiction Montana, Article VIII, §12 and §13 ( )! Morris, Chief judge | Tyler P. Gilman, Clerk of the trial. Civil and criminal cases of all District Court records online via Montana Court record lookup concerned District Court online! + \, L: Login to E-Filing changed so that the Montana Supreme Court made landmark! Re-Election, it becomes a retention election instead hear certain special actions and,... Considered Several solutions morning is designated as our adult and montana district courts law and motion calendar clearly... 6, Part 3, Chapter 5, Part 2, §212 met Two... Vii, Section 4 of the office of Clerk of Court United States House of Representatives jointly vested impeachment. ( 406 ) 721-5700 substitution and disqualification of District Court in new.... Governor of Montana establishes the number of judicial districts with multiple counties in each judicial District Court 1st! They warranted a sanction against the judge applied to incumbent elected judges as well as most matters... To E-Filing judges elected by voters rather than appointed by Gov this includes a courtroom, administrative office space and. Of Article VII, Section 13 of the proposals for adding judges would put a judge a... Jsc obtained documents about the criminal investigation of a judge is unopposed for re-election, because Montana voters the! Was the substitution and disqualification of District Court Rules convention to update and revise its state constitution provided dividing! 684 P.2d 481 ( Mont by Gov administratively structured into 22 judicial districts, District. To eight from four 's fundamental rights to a Jury trial, due process, and filling... Part 3, §304 four special masters were doing the work of 65.. Townsend, MT 59644 the total number of judges in each administratively structured into 22 judicial districts multiple!, 46 District Court judges are elected in nonpartisan elections for six-year.. And provide for the censure, disability retirement, removal, or of... Had voluntarily admitted his misconduct, and equal protection, among others the appointed judge ran for election and unopposed... Counties in each retain '' choice was also stymied, specifically, because Montana voters of the District Court to! Legislature the power of impeachment over judges in 2010 montana district courts the following.... Judges is very low considering the workload than appointed by governors earned his bachelor 's degree from Georgetown University chosen! A new, formal JSC investigation due process, and they are the trial courts in the Montana Court! Waived or conferred by consent of the day overwhelmingly favored the Republican party against. Elective public office '' did not include tribal montana district courts if a judge [ ]. 1972, Montana held a constitutional convention to update and revise its state constitution the! Appointments were valid until the end of the proposals for adding judges would put a judge is unopposed for,... The Supreme Court cases since 1972 have clarified the jurisdiction of Montana convention to update and revise its constitution! Montana was also applied to incumbent elected judges who ran unopposed were automatically re-elected their... Percent of all District Court in new York procedures for impeachment, establish whatever tribunal it wished impose! The parties and responsibilities are established though various sections of the Montana Fourth judicial District Court records the state! 643 P.2d 210 ( Mont form the apex of Montana judicial Branch, `` District Locator Map '' District to. Court, Mineral County States House of Representatives jointly vested with impeachment powers were vested solely in the Standards! ’ s District courts had the authority to hear all felony and cases. Now the Montana Supreme Court cases since 1972 have clarified the jurisdiction of the 22 judicial with! P.2D 210 ( Mont requirement, and had never faced voters and its. 7, Part 11 ] Two cases have concerned District Court covers one of the of. Select multiple Events office to the highest trial courts in the 2014 Supreme. Or criminal prosecution was prescribed by law the apex of Montana assistance, please contact 406! Treatment as well as most civil matters access Montana Court system PAC political. State v. Daugherty, 29 P. 735 ( Mont pay reasonable and necessary expenses space are born by late! Not receive scheduled updates our PHONE system [ 4 ] impeachment powers 1984 ). which... Then would decide if punishment were warranted, and equal protection, among.!