The vehicle shall be rejected from testing if a known, emissions-related, manufacturers recall has not been satisfied according to Part XI (9VAC5-91-720 et seq.). October 1, 2002; Volume 29, Issue 24, eff. As a service to the public, the Virginia Administrative Code is provided online by the Virginia General Assembly. If your car fails a Virginia State Inspection, a rejection sticker will be placed where the previous approval sticker was on your vehicle’s windshield. Each emissions inspection, whether initial or retest, shall be conducted in its entirety with the exception of (i) conditions which require that the vehicle be rejected from testing in accordance with subsection C of this section, (ii) invalid test conditions, or (iii) conditions beyond the emissions inspector's control that cause the test to be aborted. A rejection sticker essentially says “this car failed a recent inspection attempt due to a safety issue.” It’s practically a sign on your car that asks officers to pull you over to see if you still have defective or improper equipment. The customer shall be informed of any such condition. 2. Vehicle rejection stickers also remain unchanged. For 2019, the Virginia State Police Safety Division rolled out a new design with a traffic safety message. Inspection procedure; rejection, pass, fail, waiver. a. The experts at Virginia Tire & Auto recommend replacement at 4/32 of an inch — at this point, your tires will have trouble evacuating water and can negatively affect stopping distance. Furthermore, if a vehicle returns for reinspection within the 15-day period, the rejecting station will reinspect the vehicle without delay or at the reasonable conclusion of the current inspection being performed. 20. A. ), as applicable; or for vehicles subject to OBD, the vehicle passes the OBD test and exhaust emissions test, if applicable. d. The OBD system is unable to communicate successfully with the analyzer system. The customer shall be advised as specified below upon completion or termination of the inspection procedure. Any vehicle that is presented for inspection at another inspection station after the 15-day validity period, if the vehicle was rejected for brakes, and the inspector cannot determine which wheels were checked, then all four wheels will be removed to ensure that all repairs or defects have been … 2. The story is not ended. the VA inspection thing is the biggest state-run racket they've ever come up with. The data entered into the certified analyzer system and recorded on the certificate of vehicle emissions inspection shall be the data from the vehicle being inspected and must be obtained from that vehicle. The rejection sticker is valid for 15 days in addition to the date of inspection. In the Commonwealth of Virginia, mandatory yearly vehicle inspections are required. One factor to take into serious consideration is your tire tread depth. These inspections are done by local, private, service stations and automobile dealerships. If a baffle or screen prevents probe insertion to an adequate depth, a suitable probe adapter or extension boot which effectively lengthens the tail pipe must be used. Also a vehicle can only be issued one rejection sticker annually. 2. The vehicle continues to exceed applicable emissions standards after emissions related repairs required by 9VAC5-91-480 have been performed. F. The operator of the rejected vehicle shall be informed of the following: 1. c. The catalyst monitor or oxygen sensor monitor, or both, are not supported, except for models exempt by the director. In addition, information may be written on any blank area as to the exact nature of the rejection (i.e., front brakes vs. rear brakes). For purposes of the safety inspection program, "destroyed" shall mean that the previous inspection sticker will be disposed of in a manner so it cannot be reused or placed on another vehicle's windshield. The rejection sticker is valid for 15 days in addition to the date of inspection. The vehicle shall be rejected from testing if the fuel filler cap (gas cap) is missing. The emissions inspector has been provided with a properly completed emissions repair data form indicating that the repair work was performed at a certified emissions repair facility and that the repairs were performed by or under the supervision or approval of a certified emissions repair technician at a certified emissions repair facility; and. If the testing equipment indicates that the OBD system is in a "not ready" status, the vehicle shall be rejected from testing according to subdivision C 8 of this section. L. If the vehicle fails the initial emissions inspection, a certificate of emissions inspection and a motor vehicle inspection report shall be issued indicating a failure, and the owner shall have 14 days in which to have repairs or adjustments made and return the vehicle to the emissions inspection station which performed the initial inspection for one free reinspection. Give vehicle inspection report of failure to customer; d. Advise of repair facility information as provided by the department; and. 3. The checklist used by the Inspector is provided by the Virginia State Police. When a vehicle is bearing a valid or expired rejection sticker, it is not to be removed unless the vehicle meets all of the inspection requirements. Site developed by the Division of Legislative Automated Systems (DLAS). In accordance with the provisions of § 207(b) of the federal Clean Air Act, the repair costs necessary for compliance with emissions standards specified in Part III (9VAC5-91-160 et seq.) Those vehicles exhibiting any visible smoke emissions from the engine crankcase or exhaust system or both, shall be rejected from testing. Regulations for the Control of Motor Vehicle Emissions in the Northern Virginia Area » Part VI. b. c. The repair work was performed no earlier than 60 days prior to the initial inspection. 1. d. Vehicle exhaust shall be vented safely out of the inspection area and facility. Some stores’ inspection hours differ from open hours, so … The testing equipment indicates that the OBD system is in a "not ready" status. The statement submitted must be on letterhead or other official form or document and signed by an officer, owner or other responsible official of the automotive parts source. Table of Contents » Title 9. The Virginia State Inspection is intended to keep you and other drivers safe on the road. Vehicles of model years 1980 and older; 3. c. The statement must identify the parts by description and part number and must indicate whether the parts are not currently stocked, have been superseded by other parts, or are out of production. 4. Virginia State Inspections cost $12 for a motorcycle and $16 for all passage vehicles. Ok, so it's time for me to renew my VA state inspection before the end of the month. That’s why 35 other states don’t have them.” These measures include eliminating co-pays for Medicaid services, suspending enforcement of vehicle safety inspections for 60 days and suspending visitation to state … Virginia State Car Inspections Vehicles that do not pass the annual safety inspection receive a "rejection" sticker. Worn-out tires are a common cause for state inspection failure. It's a little smaller, cut down from 2.75 in. Now, for 2019, the Virginia State Police Safety Division is rolling out a new design with a traffic safety message. © Copyright Commonwealth of Virginia, document.write(new Date().getFullYear()). e. Any additional requirements to repair the vehicle to meet the applicable emissions standards or to qualify for an emissions inspection waiver under subsection M of this section shall apply. March 1, 2008; Volume 28, Issue 24, eff. 3. In West Virginia all vehicles (with very rare exceptions) are required to be inspected yearly. Here at Virginia Automotive in Richmond, we offer both major and minor general repairs. State Air Pollution Control Board, Chapter 91. The exhaust emissions test may also be performed on a limited basis as specified by the department for quality control or program evaluation purposes. Such vehicles shall be rejected from testing if space-saver spare tires are being used on a drive axle or if they do not have reasonably sized tires on the drive axle or axles based on dynamometer manufacturer safety criteria or if the set of tires is a mixture of radial and bias ply. Inspection Procedures » 9VAC5-91-420. Sign In. The vehicle shall not have any mechanical problems, such as engine, brake, or transmission problems or engine, radiator, or transmission fluid leaks that would create a safety hazard for the applicable test, or bias test results. Frame or unitized (monocoque) body of any motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer possesses one or more of the following defective characteristics: rust holes; any area of the frame or its components is broken, cracked, sagging, or bent; or damaged at any location to include any welded … If the vehicle passes or receives a waiver, provide a motor vehicle inspection report and advise motorist of registration requirement and process, including the process to be used in case of interruption of the electronic data transfer system. 5. Creating a Report: Check the sections you'd like to appear in the report, then use the "Create Report" button at the bottom of the page to generate your report. August 28, 2013; Volume 35, Issue 05, eff. I lived in VA for 10 years and there was something wrong at EVERY single inspection for TWO vehicles. Repairs are required to be completed and the vehicle needs to be re-inspected within fifteen days of "rejection". The analyzer probe shall be inserted into the tailpipe as recommended by the gas analyzer manufacturer for a quality sample, or at least 10 inches if not specified by the manufacturer. The analyzer system shall not be operated when the temperature of the inspection area is not within the range stated above. G. All receipt copies of rejection stickers will be retained in the books and shall be kept on file at the station for at least six months. You are certainly able to take your car elsewhere for another inspection. Once the report is generated you'll then have the option to download it as a pdf, print or email the report. D. If repairs are to be made to a rejected vehicle that would necessitate removing the vehicle from the inspection lane, no rejection sticker need be issued; however, the vehicle must be returned to an approved lane for a recheck of the rejected items and the application of the approval sticker. Q. A "not ready" status shall be indicated by the following: (1) For model year 1996 through 2000, three or more monitors indicate "not ready. Environment » Agency 5. The Virginia Safety Division issues replacement stickers for lost or damaged inspection approval stickers under certain conditions, without requiring the vehicle to be re-inspected. For vehicles subject to exhaust emissions testing, the exhaust test shall be terminated upon reaching the overall maximum test time for the applicable test, or if CO plus CO2 concentration falls below 6.0% as determined by the analyzer system. Virginia State Car Inspections. Sergeant Kevin Satterfield II told us a rejection sticker is valid for 15 days after the initial date of inspection. 2. The cost to the citizens of the Commonwealth is $16 for cars and $12 for motorcycles. MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY INSPECTION RULES AND REGULATIONS CHAPTER 70 ... 19VAC30-70-60 45 - 46 Rejection Stickers . To ensure the information incorporated by reference is accurate, the reader is encouraged to use the source document described in the regulation. Almost one out of every five vehicles inspected in Virginia last year had defects that required immediate repairs or a rejection sticker, according to Virginia State Police data. The inspection shall be performed with the transmission in park or neutral for OBD testing or for two-speed idle testing, or in drive (if automatic), or the appropriate gear to achieve necessary RPM range (if manual) for ASM testing; and with all accessories off. Vehicles which employ full-time four wheel drive systems; 4. Department Of State Police » Chapter 70. Website addresses provided in the Virginia Administrative Code to documents incorporated by reference are for the reader's convenience only, may not necessarily be active or current, and should not be relied upon. f. If the department is able to determine that (i) the unavailable part, or parts, is the only method of controlling the emissions for which the vehicle has failed an emissions inspection or (ii) no other repairs will be effective in reducing such emissions, the department may issue a temporary waiver notwithstanding the provisions of subsection M of this section. Northam said, “data shows that there is no connection between highway safety and these inspections. 2. According to the Virginia State Police, the state has approximately 4,200 safety inspection stations as of 2010. Why? These inspections are done by local, private, service stations and automobile dealerships. Once the report is generated you'll then have the option to download it as a pdf, print or email the report. 3. 5. b. Emissions-related failure codes that cause the malfunction indicator lamp to be commanded "on" as provided by OBD systems of light duty diesel powered vehicles of model years 1997 and newer shall cause the vehicle to fail the inspection. I. The tread on most new tires is anywhere from 10/32 of an inch to 11/32 of an inch. Table of Contents » Title 19. 7. If the inspector has found broken, worn or missing parts, leaks or non-approved parts, he issues the car a rejection sticker. 3. Sign In, Chapter 70. 6. If systems are missing which the reference manual or applications guide indicates should be present, the motor vehicle manufacturer's emissions control information provided for that vehicle shall apply. The vehicle operator is legally responsible for any defect if operated on the highway and may be subject to a traffic summons for any existing equipment violation. Each emissions inspection, whether initial or retest, shall be conducted in its entirety with the exception of (i) conditions which require that the vehicle be rejected from testing in accordance with subsection C of this section, (ii) invalid test conditions, or (iii) conditions beyond the emissions inspector's control that cause the test to be aborted. Inspection procedure; rejection, pass, fail, waiver. Such conditions shall cause the vehicle to be rejected from testing. 2. Repairs are required to be completed and the vehicle needs to be re-inspected within fifteen days of "rejection". May 1, 1990; amended, Volume 10, Issue 08, eff. Some hybrid vehicles are exempt from the biennial emissions inspection requirement. Now the second inspection station has to involve the state police because Meineke's rejection is called into question and the police will have to rule on the matter. February 9, 1994; Volume 12, Issue 21, eff. The emissions inspector shall not conduct an inspection on a motor vehicle unless the customer gives approval after being so notified. Drive wheel tires shall be checked for appropriate tire pressure and adjusted as necessary as recommended by the tire or vehicle manufacturer. There are a few things you can do and check before you have your vehicle inspected to make sure you will pass. Proof that emissions related repairs have been accomplished and costs for that specific vehicle have been provided to the emissions inspection station in the form of an itemized bill, invoice, paid work order, or statement in which emissions related parts or repairs, or both, are specifically identified, and to the extent practical, the inspector can confirm the repairs by visual examination; b. Frame, engine mounts, coupling devices and emergency chains. For vehicles subject to exhaust emissions testing, the analyzer probe shall be properly inserted into the exhaust system. Another new feature of the inspection sticker enables State Police to reach an estimated 8.2 million motorists annually with a reminder about Virginia… x 4 in. The temperature of the inspection area shall be between 41°F and 110°F during the inspection. to 2 in. Any vehicle that is presented for inspection at another inspection station after the 15-day validity period, if the vehicle was rejected for brakes, and the inspector cannot determine which wheels were checked, then all four wheels will be removed to ensure that all repairs or defects have been corrected. To ensure the information incorporated by reference is accurate, the reader is encouraged to use the source document described in the regulation. To ensure your safety and the safety of other motorists, Virginia requires an annual vehicle safety inspection on all registered vehicles with only one exception. 4. If a station has issued a rejection sticker to a vehicle, and the vehicle is taken to another station for inspection, the rejection sticker will be removed only if the vehicle passes inspection. Vehicles which have traction control or anti-lock brake systems which have been determined by the manufacturer or the department to interfere with proper ASM testing; or. We recommend getting your inspection performed in the middle of the month and middle of the week for shorter wait times. By the way, the Meineke manager ran a credit check on me without asking, which I am told, is illegal. Check out what is new with the Virginia State Inspection program. If your motorcycle has failed a Virginia State Inspection you also have 15 days to complete repairs and re-inspect. November 28, 2018. (3) For vehicles that failed the emissions inspection for a catalytic converter related fault code, and the catalyst monitor indicates "not ready" during a reinspection. For OBD vehicles, an electronic inspection of the applicable on-board diagnostic (OBD) system according to manufacturer specifications and procedures approved by the EPA. October 4, 2018. B. State Air Pollution Control Board » Chapter 91. If exempted from OBD testing, such vehicles shall receive the ASM or TSI test as applicable. A waiver shall not be issued for a vehicle which is eligible for the emissions control systems performance warranty, under the provisions of § 207(b) of the federal Clean Air Act. Inspection Requirements for Passenger Vehicles and Vehicles Up to 10,000 Pounds (GVWR) Vehicles which have some other configuration which has been determined by the department to interfere with proper ASM testing. e. The OBD system indicates evidence of tampering. An amount equal to or greater than the adjusted waiver cost for enhanced emissions inspection programs specified in subsection N of this section has been spent on emissions related repairs as specified in 9VAC5-91-480 provided that: a. Derived from VR545-01-07 § 6, eff. b. A vehicle rejected by one station may be reinspected by another station if the owner desires to have this done; however, that station shall perform a complete inspection of the vehicle. There are no visible smoke emissions from the vehicle engine crankcase or tail pipe, or both. Inspect for and reject if: 1. The inspector shall enter the result of the visual inspection, "pass," "fail," or "not applicable" as appropriate into the certified analyzer system. Based on the determinations made in subdivision 1 of this subsection, a visual inspection for the presence and operability of the catalytic converter system and, for vehicles subject to exhaust emissions testing, the air injection system, fuel evaporative emissions control system, positive crankcase ventilation system, exhaust gas recirculation system and thermostatic air cleaner system. That’s why 35 other states don’t have them.” A rejection sticker shall not be issued to any vehicle already bearing such a sticker or to one which bears evidence of previously being issued a rejection sticker. and Part XIV (9VAC5-91-790 et seq. G. The emissions inspector shall perform an inspection of the emissions control systems. Under normal circumstances, all Virginia-registered vehicles are required to bear a current Virginia inspection sticker. The vehicle shall be held to all applicable inspection parameters, test type and standards or other conditions with the exception of the emissions control components and parts that have been verified as unavailable. If the inspection reveals deficiencies that need repair or adjustment to conform with regulations, but the owner will not agree to have such repairs or adjustments made, official inspection stations are required to affix a rejection sticker to vehicle. No vehicle bearing a valid rejection sticker shall be entitled to receive more than two reinspections by the rejecting station during the validity period of the rejection sticker. The vehicle passes the emissions control systems inspection described by subsection G of this section if applicable. The date of issue shall be punched, and the sticker affixed to the same location as indicated in subsections C, E, and G of 19VAC30-70-50. d. The department may conduct an independent investigation to locate any such parts or to verify the information on the statement prior to the issuance of any vehicle inspection report. The certified safety inspector performing the inspection shall immediately enter the receipt information via the MVIP system. The Virginia Court of Appeals considered this precise question in Reel v. Commonwealth. Virginia Motor Vehicle Safety Inspection Manual DIRECT INQUIRIES OR COMMENTS TO THE ADDRESS BELOW: SAFETY DIVISION DEPARTMENT OF STATE POLICE 7700 MIDLOTHIAN TURNPIKE NORTH CHESTERFIELD, VIRGINIA 23235 ... 19VAC30-70-60 33 Rejection Stickers . If the test is terminated prior to completion, explain the problem with the vehicle or equipment and, if applicable, advise of free retest and time limit. J. Virginia Motor Vehicle Safety Inspection Manual Direct Inquiries or Comments to the Address Below: Safety Division Department of State Police P.O. 3. The presence of leaks shall cause the vehicle to be rejected from testing. 4. The cost to the citizens of the Commonwealth is $16 for cars and $12 for motorcycles. A. For 1981 model year and newer vehicles with a GVWR up to and including 8,500 pounds, the exhaust emissions inspection procedure, if applicable, shall be an ASM, two-mode (ASM 5015 plus ASM 2525), loaded test, performed while the vehicle is operating on a dynamometer. Sergeant Kevin Satterfield II told us a rejection sticker is valid for 15 days after the initial date of inspection. Box 27472 Richmond, Virginia 23261 ... 19VAC30-70-60 33 Rejection Stickers . The motor vehicle meets the applicable emissions control systems inspection requirements. It all revolves around safety. This sticker remains valid for one year, expiring on the last day of the month. C. The emissions inspector shall not conduct an inspection on a motor vehicle if the vehicle is in an unsafe condition for testing according to the following conditions. The rejection sticker places no travel restriction on the operation of the vehicle and is issued in lieu of an approval sticker. Virginia Code §46.2-1157 requires that “[t]he owner or operator of any motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer registered in Virginia … 6. a. Emissions-related failure codes that cause the malfunction indicator lamp to be commanded "on" provided by OBD systems of OBD vehicles shall cause the vehicle to fail the emissions inspection. 3. All rights reserved. 2. Judging from the number of cars on the road with expired inspection stickers, there is not a shortage of people who forget to take their cars in for their Virginia State inspection in a timely manner. We are unable to answer legal questions or respond to requests for legal advice, including application of law to specific fact. and Part XIV (9VAC5-91-790 et seq.) Vehicles that are overheated shall be rejected from testing. All rights reserved. The checklist used by the Inspector is provided by the Virginia State Police. Such reinspection will not constitute a complete inspection and a $1.00 fee may be charged. A vehicle will be rejected if the owner attempts to delay the inspection. WASHINGTON, D.C. – April 27, 2020 – Earlier this year, Virginia Governor Ralph Northam (D) unveiled plans to eliminate the state’s motor vehicle safety inspection program. 4. The validity period of a rejection sticker shall be 15 days, in addition to the day of inspection. Inspection Requirements for Passenger Vehicles and Vehicles Up to 10,000 Pounds To View the Virginia Motor Vehicle Safety Inspection Manual: www.vsp.state.va.us . Virginia Tire & Auto offers Virginia State Inspections at all of our locations. H. For vehicles otherwise subject to ASM testing based on model year and weight classification, the department may determine, due to complications identified in this or other state programs, or consultation with vehicle manufacturers, that certain vehicle makes or models shall be tested using the two-speed idle test in lieu of the ASM test or using a mixture of test modes such as an ASM 2525 coupled with an idle test. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for the best Automobile Inspection Stations & Services in Norfolk, VA. The director may increase or decrease the number of "not ready" monitors allowed based on an analysis of the program data, data from other state's programs and the EPA. 3. You have 15 days from the day of the rejection to properly fix the faulty equipment for which your vehicle failed to pass the inspection. 5. E. If the vehicle does not meet all the requirements and the owner does not authorize immediate repairs, and if a rejection sticker has not already been issued, a rejection sticker shall be legibly filled out in its entirety with a black ball point pen. You will fail your Virginia vehicle inspection when your tread depth is below 2/32 of an inch. They may be inspected by any law-enforcement officer during normal business hours. So I go out today to get it taken care of. OBD vehicles shall be rejected from testing for any of the following: a. § 46.2-1180 of the Code of Virginia; § 182 of the Clean Air Act; 40 CFR Part 51, Subpart S. Derived from Volume 13, Issue 05, eff. If a vehicle does not pass inspection The dealer cannot deliver the vehicle to a retail customer. The emissions inspection station shall notify the customer prior to initiating an emissions inspection that the emissions inspection station is either able or unable to perform the emissions-related repairs required by 9VAC5-91-480 for that particular vehicle should that vehicle fail the inspection. All aspects of the inspection shall be performed by an emissions inspector, using the instructions programmed in the certified analyzer system and procedures approved by the department, within the designated inspection area, and on the permitted premises. January 24, 1997; amended, Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 20, eff. Motor Vehicle Safety Inspection Regulations » Part II. Rejection Proceudure 1. The test shall be preceded by a 30-90 second preconditioning period, as determined by the department, using the ASM 2525 load simulation. Site developed by the Division of Legislative Automated Systems (DLAS). This sticker gives you 15 days to repair all defects and have the car re-inspected. To verify, we reached out to Virginia State Police. The department may issue a temporary waiver because of the unavailability of component parts listed in subdivision 2 of this subsection if it is determined that the subject components or parts are not available provided the following conditions have been met: a. According to the state code you can be stopped and automatically cited for everything that is checked on the back of the rejection sticker every 24 hour period. 1. Vehicles may be rejected if they have different sized tires on the drive axle or axles. 4. 2. Agency 5. b. There are no visible smoke emissions from the vehicle engine crankcase or exhaust system, or both. Walk-ins welcome or call (804) 524-9115 to schedule an appointment. Creating a Report: Check the sections you'd like to appear in the report, then use the "Create Report" button at the bottom of the page to generate your report. Vehicles with a GVWR greater than 8,500 pounds and up to and including 10,000 pounds; 2. In the Commonwealth of Virginia, mandatory yearly vehicle inspections are required. The validity period of the rejection sticker shall be 15 days in addition to the day of inspection. But be aware that the each state keeps a database of all auto inspections. O. Box 27472 Richmond, Virginia 23261 ... 46 Rejection Stickers . © Copyright Commonwealth of Virginia, document.write(new Date().getFullYear()). Virginia Motor Vehicle Safety Inspection Manual Direct Inquiries or Comments to the Address Below: Safety Division Department of State Police P.O. September 22, 2004; Volume 24, Issue 08, eff. Either B or C above. October 3, 2016; Volume 35, Issue 01, eff. For vehicles subject to exhaust emissions testing, the vehicle emissions levels are the same as or less than the applicable exhaust emission standards in Part III (9VAC5-91-160 et seq.) D. The emissions inspection procedure shall be performed under the following conditions: 1. If ASM testing is performed, a cooling fan shall be directed at the engine cooling system if the ambient temperature exceeds 72°F. August 7, 1996; Volume 21, Issue 04, eff. We are unable to answer legal questions or respond to requests for legal advice, including application of law to specific fact. The rejection sticker places no travel restriction on the operation of the vehicle and is issued in lieu of an approval sticker. The inspector may check the system for leaks by listening or visually inspecting for such leaks or by measuring carbon dioxide. The changes in size and design do not apply to motorcycle or trailer safety inspection stickers. Gvwr ) Virginia State inspection program is no connection between highway safety and these inspections done... And 110°F during the inspection area is not within the range stated above into the exhaust system or both 2525. Be accessed physically or electronically waiver may be charged, coupling devices and emergency chains visually! Check out what is new with the Virginia State inspection before the end of the following conditions are:. All vehicles ( with very rare exceptions ) are required in consideration of maintaining inspection integrity: 1 getting! Department to interfere with proper ASM testing is performed, a cooling fan shall be performed the... A limited basis as specified by the director to keep you and other procedures approved by the Virginia State inspections. With very rare exceptions ) are required as a pdf, print or email report! Rejected, the Virginia Court of Appeals considered this precise question in Reel v. Commonwealth such conditions shall the. During reinspection of a vehicle does not pass inspection the dealer can deliver! I go out today to get it taken care of hybrid vehicles exempt. Reel v. Commonwealth Richmond, Virginia Register Volume 18, Issue 01, eff parts... 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